SOVEREIGNTY:A Chinese Communist Party mouthpiece newspaper said exploration by India and Vietnam in the South China Sea was a provocation that would hurt ties
A joint energy project between India and Vietnam in the South China Sea infringes on China’s territorial sovereignty, an official Chinese newspaper said yesterday in the first reaction to the operation by China’s state media.
The report in the People’s Daily, the mouthpiece of the Chinese Communist Party, said the oil and gas exploration project between Indian and Vietnamese state-owned firms west of the disputed Spratly Islands put at risk the two countries’ relations with their chief trading partner.
“Two sections enter waters under China’s jurisdiction, constituting a violation of China’s -sovereignty,” it said.
The report said that if Vietnam and India pursued any joint interest that damaged relations with China “as well as the stability and peaceful economic development of the entire South China Sea region, the losses will outweigh the gains.”
Chinese Foreign Ministry spokesman Hong Lei (洪磊) said on Monday that any such project was “illegal and invalid” without China’s consent, but did not name specific countries or companies.
India’s foreign office said last week that Indian companies, including ONGC Videsh (OVL) and Essar Oil subsidiary Essar Exploration and Production Ltd, were expanding energy cooperation with Vietnam.
India has sought to increase its involvement in the region and an Indian navy vessel was challenged off Vietnam’s Nha Trang port earlier this year by a radio caller claiming to be from China’s navy.
Analysts also say India’s increased engagement with Vietnam is partly in response to Chinese projects boosting Beijing’s presence in South Asia, particularly in port construction.
Both India and Vietnam have fought brief border wars with China — India in 1962 and Vietnam in 1979 — but relations are now more stable. However, Hanoi and Beijing are locked in a tussle over ownership of parts of the South China Sea.
Taiwan, China, Vietnam, the Philippines, Brunei and Malaysia all have conflicting claims in the South China Sea. China’s claim is the biggest, based on what it says is indisputable sovereignty since ancient times.
In May and June, Vietnam accused Chinese vessels of harassing Vietnamese ships within Vietnam’s exclusive economic zone. China denied that its ships had done anything wrong.
Businessmen and diplomats say China has pressured foreign firms in deals with Vietnam not to develop oil blocks.
In 2007, BP PLC halted plans to explore off Vietnam’s southern coast because of the dispute between Hanoi and Beijing.
Vietnamese Foreign Ministry spokesman Luong Thanh Nghi, in a statement on Monday, said such joint projects were “within the sovereign rights and jurisdictional rights of Vietnam.”
Any view opposing cooperation on Vietnam’s continental shelf and within its 200 nautical mile (370km) exclusive economic zone was “completely devoid of legal basis and worthless.”
China and Vietnam agreed to speed up negotiations toward ending the South China Sea spat, Chinese media said after the country’s top diplomat, State Councilor Dai Bingguo (戴秉國), visited Hanoi early this month.
In 2002, ASEAN member states and China signed a non-binding Declaration on the Conduct of Parties in the South China Sea, urging claimant states to avoid activities that might escalate tension.
- China paper condemns Vietnam-India energy cooperation (Reuters) (thuytinhvo.wordpress.com)
- China tells India to stay away from South China Sea (Rediff) (thuytinhvo.wordpress.com)
- Foreign Ministry Spokesperson Hong Lei’s Regular Press Conference on September 19, 2011 (thuytinhvo.wordpress.com)
- India not worried about China’s objections to oil foray (mysinchew) (thuytinhvo.wordpress.com)
- India Musn’t Infringe Sovereignty in S China Sea: China (Outlook India) (thuytinhvo.wordpress.com)